Insects of Costa Rica – What a pain

Insects of Costa Rica – What a pain

Did you know there exists an actual  pain index for stings from bugs? Yep, the entomologist Justin O. Schmidt created the index that seeks to rank the painfulness of dozens of Hymenoptera stings across a four-point spectrum. His index (last updated in 1990), while...
Montezuma Oropendola

Montezuma Oropendola

If ever a name fit a species it is the Montezuma Oropéndola. This fascinating bird has four trade-marks, two of which are described in its name. Let’s dissect the name and in the process you will learn some Spanish. ORO – is the Spanish word for gold. The...